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加拿大留学 留学选择加拿大还是美国

 

Team America
美国队首先发言
It’s 
hard to distill what exactly the “typical” American university experience is. Is 
it thousands of screaming students Saturday night in a football stadium or the 
red brick hallowed halls of Harvard University and the Ivy League? 

很难精炼地概括“典型的”美国大学生活是怎样的。是星期六晚橄榄球场中数以千计呐喊着的学生?还是哈佛和常春藤盟校那些红砖砌成的神圣礼堂?
The frat lifestyle
兄弟会生活

When most people think of an American university experience though, they probably are thinking of Hollywood films like Animal House and Old School and speaking from experience, a large public university is where you will experience that kind of lifestyle. With thousands of teeming students living in a virtual city of young adulthood, you will see the typical array of fraternity and sorority students decked out in their Greek letters, and occasionally on weekend nights, in a bed sheet doubling as a toga. You’ll see scores of hulking football players towering over normal students on their way to class as well as facing off in a sea of green grass against your school’s rivals. 

大多数人想到美国大学校园生活的时候,可能脑海中浮现的是诸如《动物屋(Animal House)》和《单身男子俱乐部(Old School)》的好莱坞电影,以我的经验来讲,那种生活在大型公立大学比较常见。美国校园里挤满了成千上万的年轻学生,就像个虚拟社会,你可以看到成群结队的兄弟会或姐妹会学生穿着带有他们的希腊字母的衣服(译者注:这些学生组织由希腊字母命名,譬如ΑΚΨ-- Alpha Kappa Psi, 全球最大的商业兄弟会),偶尔在周末,也可以看到他们裹着床单假装是古希腊长袍去参加派对。你会看到大批有压倒性身高优势的魁梧橄榄球球员走在去上课的路上,或是看到他们与学校的劲敌球队在绿茵场上奋力对峙。
Student diversity
学生的多样性

But you’ll also see students sitting around discussing Victorian literature and throwing around a Frisbee in the quad. Weekend nights are celebrated by the occasional (or more than occasional, if you prefer) drunken debauchery and trouble-making followed by a late-night sojourn to the local greasy spoon. The American college is a collection of groups and activities catering to any and every interest under the sun. From politics, to media, to sports and everything in between the American college’s specialty is in the fact that it is all-inclusive. Universities in the United States really and truly have something for everybody. 

你同样会看到一些人坐着讨论维多利亚时代的文学,或在庭院里扔飞盘。而他们周末的晚上则偶尔(你喜欢的话可以经常)喝酒放肆、狂欢捣乱一下,半夜再去学校旁廉价的馆子里吃个夜宵。无论你对什么感兴趣,在美国大学都可以找到一系列相应的组织和活动。从政治到媒体,再到体育,其实美国大学的特点就是包容性强,我们的大学一定以及肯定会让每个人都各得其所。

And from the Canadian perspective...
加拿大人怎么看…
Describing 
the wide variety of schools in the US is a tricky task. The wide range of 
American institutions – from impeccable bastions of higher education like 
Harvard to illustrious sports academies like Michigan State – makes it almost 
impossible to condense their various unique identities into a one-size-fits-all 
“stereotype”.

要概述美国花样繁多的学校真是个技术活。美国的各类院校比比皆是——从完美无缺的高等教育阵地比如哈佛,到声名显赫的密歇根州立等体育院校——要把这么多特征浓缩成一个适用所有人的“典型”,几乎是不可能的。
The problem with American “hyperspecialization”
美国大学“过度专门化”带来的问题

And yet whilst the singular specialities of your Harvards and Michigan States might bring people in, they also push them out. Forget the high tuition (which averages $50,000 per year) and the gnawing unemployment after graduation (57% of all US unemployed have college degrees); these are all symptoms of the broader problem of “hyperspecialization”. Most American schools choose a singular defining detail instead of the whole picture: this compartmentalization into one field or another – whether academic, athletic, artistic or alterative – leaves so much to be desired.

虽然哈佛和密歇根州立的单一特性会吸引人进去,但同时也会把另一群人拒之门外。上学时高昂的学费(平均5万美元/年)和毕业后恼人的失业率(美国57%的失业人口具备大学学历)——这些都是“过度专门化”所带来的宏观隐患。大多数美国大学选择单一的方面来给自己定位,而不是看全局:这样只专攻一个领域——不论是学术、体育、艺术还是其他领域——让学生无法获得很多其他他们同样渴望的体验。
Broad Canadian experiences
完整的加拿大大学体验

Most Canadian schools do not suffer from institutional “monoculture”. Places like University of Toronto, McGill, University of British Columbia, or Dalhousie are known for offering very broad college experiences. No one department within these colleges is seemingly better than the other – even amongst the highly competitive Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics faculties. 

大部分加拿大的大学就不受院校“单一文化”之苦。像多伦多、麦吉尔、英属哥伦比亚或代尔豪西这些大学,都以给予学生全方位的大学体验著称。在这些学校,没有一个院系是鹤立鸡群的,即使在竞争极大的科技、工程、数学院系也是一样。
Cross-faculty collaborations
跨院合作

This is not to say they are all equally bad or good, nor that all receive similar funding. Instead, Canadian institutions focus largely on the holistic approach to education. When one section is raised, all are lifted. Funding in Engineering, for example, betters the liberal arts through cross-faculty collaborations (such as in various Arts and Science programmes). In this way, Canadian Universities are better not because they are stronger in one area or another, but because they see value of all portions, rather than just one.

我的意思不是说一所大学中的所有院校都一样次或一样好,而且它们的经费也都不等。但是加拿大的院校特别注重教育的功能整体性。一个部分提高了质量,所有都要跟上。比如说,工程院通过跨院合作(一些艺术和科学项目)就把人文艺术院的经费带了上去。这样一来,加拿大大学的整体质量就进步了,不是因为它们某个专业比别人强,而是因为他们注重整体,而非个体。

更多加拿大留学费用信息可通过以下方式与出国留学中介顾问沟通 
加拿大留学中介咨询热线:010-67084273 / 67084272 
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